Film Club – Review of the Year

This year, our club has got off to a strong start. Since February of this year, we’ve enjoyed/endured eight full length films, and more than twenty shorts. We filmed and cut together our own interview videos, some of our members provided their thoughts on film for our DVD competition, and we held a school-wide film poll where we asked pupils to name the best film of all time. And they got it wrong…

This year we screened eight feature films, and supplemented them with twenty-one shorts. Many of the independent shorts we viewed can be found legally uploaded online, and for anyone wanting to see the sort of curtain-raisers we enjoyed, links are provided below. And if you’d like more short films to enjoy, you can visit our blog entry on the History of Short Films.

2014-2015 Feature Films: The Lego Movie, Life of Pi, Paddington, Super 8, Guardians of the Galaxy, Pitch Perfect, Forrest Gump & The Hunger Games.

2014-2015 Short Films: Steamboat Willie, Frankenweenie, Luxo Jr, Presto, Room 8, The Hire: Ticker, Exit Log, The Blue Umbrella, Agent Carter, Duck Amuck, Voyage to the Moon, The Black Hole, Need for Speed Dating, Crab, Reflections, The Other Side of the Game, Paperman, Cargo, Lifted, Mr Hublot, The Call, Feast, Pixels, Trick Meter Kiwi!

At the final film club, the group shared what they had most enjoyed in these last few months:

SK – “My favourite was probably Paddington. My favourite type of film is comedy, and I lived in London before I came here, so it was fun to watch him coming to London.”

DA – “I liked Super 8. It was fun that I suggested it, people voted for it and I got to see it on the big screen.”

TL – “Mine was Super 8 too, because it was a great action film without being too violent. Everyone could enjoy it.”

DM – “I liked getting to see The Hunger Games because everyone’s always talking about it”

PW – “The short films were cool. With The Voyage to the Moon (1903) it was really interesting to see how film has changed over the years. And the Imagination Series was weird, but good”

HW – “I thought the Marvel one was best, Agent Carter, because usually the superhero movies are just men, and it showed a woman could do it just as well. Room 8 was creepy. I couldn’t get that man out of my head.”

If you’d like to share your thoughts, feel free to express them below.

Though there are no in-school screenings for a while, there are plenty of film related activities to enjoy over the summer. Or you could get creative, take a lead from Super 8, grab a camera and begin to make your own film. If you do a good job it may even end up featured on the national Film Club website. However you spend your summer, we hope you enjoy it. Film Club will be back next year with new films and a new format, so watch this space.

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100 Words Winner!

Megan - DVD winner web

This week, the winner of our 100 words competition was revealed as Megan Lowrie, from 7-4. Megan’s favourite film was The Hunger Games, which we showed in Film Club last week. Her entry can be read here. Megan chose her prize from the Film Club library, a copy of Pitch Perfect, which was the winner of our Big Film Vote.

Our full length reviewing competition will remain open during the summer, and winning entries may get themselves featured on this website, or even in the school magazine.

My Favourite Film – 100 Word Challenge

As part of the 100-word challenge, some film club members described their favourite films, and why they love them in exactly 100 words. Megan Lowrie won the 100-word challenge, bagging herself a free DVD. Congratulations go, however, to all of the wonderful entries below.

 

Hunger GamesMegan Lowrie

I love The Hunger Games. It is all about a game in which you either kill, or be killed. In this death trap are Katniss and Peeta, two young players who are forced to become allies and grow to love each other. My favourite character is Katniss Everdeen, a young woman who does not need a man to save her life, unlike many damsels in distress. I think Jennifer Lawrence was the perfect choice for this film as she captured the right emotions for Katniss. The villain of the film, President Snow, is so cold-hearted you love to hate him.

 

Finding NemoPhoebe Bianchi

I think the best film ever created is Finding Nemo! It is a great family film which raises awareness of how industry actually takes huge amounts of fish from the sea regularly. Industrial fishing is made to look very intimidating for small children, and the film will really make people think about whether fish should really die for our pleasure. In the movie you will find strong action, scary sharks, and creepy girls who own dead fish. However, there’s also plenty of comedy. It’s a laugh for all, and wonderful as a film to sit through with friends and family.

 

Saving MR BAnksEmily Davies

My favourite film is Saving Mr Banks, about P. L. Travers, the woman who wrote Mary Poppins, and how Disney made it into a film. The story is very interesting and the acting is so realistic. The director used flashbacks to show Travers’ past life, and how everything bad that had happened to her previously affected her life further in the film.

The scenery and make-up artists have done a very good job at making it look like the real 1960s. The best part of the film is when Mrs Travers starts to realise how lucky and loved she is.

 

Luke GregoryFew Good Men

My favourite film is A Few Good Men, which stars Tom Cruise, Jack Nicholson, Kevin Bacon and Kevin Pollack. It’s about two men in the army who are ordered to teach a lesson to another soldier. When they accidentally kill him, military lawyer Daniel Kaffee (Tom Cruise) has to prove they were only following orders. A lot of the film takes place in the court room and the way it’s written is just outstanding.

My favourite part of the film is when Tom Cruise is questioning Jack Nicholson, who comes out with the famous quotation “You can’t handle the truth!”

Maze runnerEmma Jones

My favourite film is The Maze Runner. The film is based on the books written by James Dasher, about a group of boys aged 12 to 18 who are trapped inside a gigantic maze. They don’t know why they’re there, or how to get out. They have no memory of anything except their names. Searching for over three years for an exit, the boys develop their own community, sorting themselves into different working groups divided by their strengths.

The movie opens with a young boy named Thomas getting sent into the maze. As soon as he enters everything goes wrong…

 

Woman in BlackElin Morris

My favourite film a ghost story, The Woman in Black, because the characters feel realistic. The old-fashioned phrases, vintage clothes, and creepy music all helps make some scenes mysterious and scary, to make you feel the terror the characters are feeling.

My favourite character is Arthur Kipp, because he is kind and brave, and my favourite scene is when he is at the railway and sees his son die. It makes you feel sympathy for Arthur. I like the way they use colour to show the character’s emotions and personalities, usually black or red, to represent death and hatred.

 

Pitch PerfectBethan Griffiths

My favourite film is Pitch Perfect. It is about an acapella singing group, called the Barden Bellas, who all go to college together. The Barden Bellas are trying to get to through to a national competition by winning the regionals. I like this film because the script is very well written and full of witty humour. The plot has quite a bit of romance, and of course features a lot of music from the group.

The film does have a 12 rating as it does have a mature theme, and some younger viewers may not get some of the jokes.

 

Zoe SargeantMonstersuni

My favourite film is Monster’s University, because it’s so funny and really well animated. It’s about a little monster named Mike who would love to become a ‘scarer’, but the rest of the monsters are huge and actually scary, whereas he is just a little tiny ball of joy. The character is really cute and sometimes clumsy. In the film he has an enemy, Sully. They hate each other, but in the end they become friends and never leave each other’s side.

The film is really appropriate for all ages- even my Nan likes it, so it must be good!

 

 

Think you can take the 100 word challenge? Why not pick a film and post your entry below in the comment box. Or if you have more to express, consider our review challenge!

Choose Our Next Screenings

Our poll to choose our next screenings has closed. As your first choice you selected ‘Paddington’, and as your second ‘Super 8’. These will be shown in the next two screenings. Your reserve choices of ‘Guardians of the Galaxy’ and ‘To Kill a Mockingbird’ may also feature later.

The Long History of Short Films

At this week’s screening we looked at nine very different short films. For anybody wishing to get a flavour of that session, here’s the full list of nine:

  • Steamboat Willie (Disney, 1927)
  • Frankenweenie (Buena Vista, 1984)
  • Luxo Jr. (Pixar, 1986)
  • The Hire: Ticker (BMW, 2002)
  • Presto (Pixar, 2008)
  • Room 8 (Imagination Series, 2013)
  • The Blue Umbrella (Pixar, 2013)
  • Marvel One Shot: Agent Carter (Marvel, 2013)
  • Exit Log (Imagination Series, 2014)

Some of the short films do require Parental Guidance, which can be assisted by visiting the websites Common Sense Media and IMDB.

The short film has a long and varied history, with its importance and style changing with each new technical innovation. The rest of this post looks at how short films developed with the invention of cinema, cel animation, television, computer graphics and the internet. It also features links to around twenty short films we were unable to fit in during our screening.

Early Films: 1888 – 1960s (ish)

The Very First Films

The first film was a short film. As was the next one, and the several thousand that followed those. These films were very different from the dramatic story led films of our day. Often things were filmed for novelty value, to show off the new magical moving pictures. Of course, technological curiosities like this were toured around the continent to exhibitions, museums and circuses. It was easiest to transport these films if they were small enough to be carried in a single film can, and they could only store about 11 minutes worth of silent cinema. To see the sort of curiosity audiences would enjoy, take a look at a short work from legendary director Georges Melies.

The First Cinemas

The first cinemas, that is to say buildings created especially to show films, appeared in the first decade of the twentieth century. With film cans no longer needing to be quite so portable, it became easier to create a single movie which could be stored across multiple reels. Just as today, families could go into the cinema for a whole evening’s entertainment. Unlike today, however, the show would often consist of more than just one film. The grandest cinemas liked to compete with the grandest theatres, and so before the audience enjoyed a film they could have heard live singers, applauded live dancers and laughed at live comedians. A simpler cinema programme of the 1920s would include at least a newsreel and a short comedy film, followed by the longer main feature. The feature itself could therefore still run well under an hour in length.

Very long films had begun appearing in the English language as early as 1915, and eventually, made their mark. With the success of epic films such as ‘The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse’, ‘Robin Hood’ and ‘The Sheik’, short film stars realised they could make more of a profit if they moved into ‘features’. Even comedians took the risky move of choosing to make long films. Charlie Chaplin made his first long comedy in 1921. Over time he found the money he had access to when making the longer films allowed him to be much more ingenious, and experimental. Here’s a section from Chaplin’s ‘Modern Times’, which could never have been achieved on a short film budget.

The First Sound Animations

With short film stars deserting the genre, the esteem of short films declined. However, short films were still broadly popular, and their posters still appeared outside the cinema, by owners hoping a great short film might bring an audience to a less attractive longer piece. One such example happened in 1928, when the silent film ‘Gang War’ was preceded by an animated film about a whistling mouse. ‘Steamboat Willie’ was the first cartoon released with sound, and made heroes out of its star Mickey Mouse, and its creators Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks. Their knack for technical innovation allowed them to wow audiences time and again, including with the first colour animated film ‘Flowers and Trees’, and their first hit mini-musical ‘The Three Little Pigs’. Eventually Mickey Mouse himself moved into colour, in the much celebrated short ‘The Band Concert’.

Along Comes Television

Live action short films were slowly killed off by the arrival, in America, of commercial television. Free to watch sitcoms meant that people were unlikely to go to the cinema to see similar comedians making similar jokes. At first cartoons were not so much affected by this. After all, they were tough to produce and very expensive, and it was unlikely television would ever create something so mesmerising! Major studios had their own animation departments producing their own short films to place ahead of their main releases. Paramount had Charles Fleischer’s cartoons. MGM produced the Droopy Dog and Tom and Jerry series. Most famously of all Warner Brothers hit gold with their various Looney Tunes characters. Originally spoofs of Disney’s Silly Symphonies the Merrie Melodies and Looney Tunes series would provide some of the finest moments in cartoon history, including ‘What’s Opera Doc?’, ‘Duck Amuck’ and ‘One Froggy Evening’. For the looniest of them all however, check out ‘Porky in Wackyland’ or its colour remake ‘Dough for the Do-Do’.

The painstaking work that went in to producing these curtain raisers was appreciated by the audiences, but not by the studio bosses who had to pay for them. At Warner Brothers, animators had long got used to stealing part of the budget and time allocated to one short film to give to a more interesting one. They knew if the studio money men found out, they would cut every film’s budget back to that required for those cheap cartoons. In the late 1950s Hanna-Barbera showed that cartoons did not need to be of a film quality to be successful. TV shows Huckleberry Hound and The Flintstones relied on sitcom style wordplay, rather than the beauty of the scenery, or the timing of the slapstick. Due to financial pressures Warner Brothers shut down their internal animation department in the early 1960s, ending the golden age of animation, and stopping the regular appearance of new cartoon shorts at the cinema.

Away from the Spotlight: 1960s – 1990s

So with no short silent dramas, no sitcom style comedies, and no dazzling cartoons to play before a feature, what was left for the short film?

Artistic Trends

Short films were, and still are, produced by students from film schools, as a way of practising their craft and showing what they could achieve. Film students who eventually turned away from short pieces to take up directing feature films include Steven Spielberg with ‘Amblin” (later the name of his film company), George Lucas with ‘THX-1138’ (later a full length film) and Tim Burton with ‘Frankenweenie’ (ditto).

Modern artists also continued to release shorts, pushing the boundaries of possibility, imagination, and as often as not, good taste. Modern Art galleries often have a section with screens showing short films. For a successful art film of the last five years, why not try out Terry Timely’s Synesthesia. An exercise in showing the effect of an interesting psychological condition, he later simply claimed it was just “an excuse to shoot fireworks indoors, have cats jump out of speakers, and explore an interest in Vietnamese retro-futurism”.

It wasn’t all rebellious students and high art, however. The style of the short film continued in mainstream culture in three distinct ways…

The Second Unit

In a film, a second unit is a team of film-makers who work separately from the main director. Often the main director will be shooting actors in a studio, whilst the second unit directs stunt doubles in action sequences. The second unit of the James Bond film series clearly got bored filming the in-between bits, and decided they wanted to make a whole different film. Just as early cinema trips would open with fun short films before the main feature, trips to see a Bond film would begin with a fun, action packed sequence featuring 007 on an assignment which has little or nothing to do with the remainder of the story. Some would make the argument that the Roger Moore films ‘The Spy Who Loved Me’, ‘Moonraker’ and ‘Octopussy’ feature the most successful short films made in the seventies and eighties, each of them better than the film that it preceded. This style of light short story followed by main plot was emulated by a number of action films, including ‘Raiders of the Lost Ark’, the ‘Beverly Hills Cop’ series, and ‘True Lies’.

The Sound of Music

In 1959 Spike Milligan and Peter Sellers appeared in a short film, made in one day for a budget of £75, and largely improvised. Directed by Richard Lester, it was entitled simply ‘The Running, Jumping and Standing Still Film’. The director’s work impressed The Beatles, who in 1963 invited Richard Lester to direct their film ‘A Hard Days Night’. The film features the first modern music video, with scenes intercut in time to the music, and whole sequences where music is played without an instrument or a singer in sight.

This was a ground-breaking moment for pop music, and led to further developments. Previously if artists wanted to promote their music on a television programme, they would have had to record a live performance specifically for that programme. This wasn’t too much of problem if your band was in London, and you were only invited on TV programmes made in London. However, The Beatles were international stars, and as such wanted regularly on both sides of the Atlantic. Rather than hopping on a plane every time they were wanted on an American show, they began sending promotional films. Soon every other band jumped on board. Groups such as Queen and The Who spent as much time planning their videos as their songs. By 1981 a whole channel, MTV, had been launched just to show music videos. Bands such as Adam and the Ants and Duran Duran were selling songs widely regarded as subpar simply on the strength of their videos. With a six minute prologue ‘Michael Jackson’s Thriller’ blurred the lines between film-making and music, and has on numerous occasions been voted the most influential music video of all time. To see why, you’ll have to visit another blog, as it’s rated 15 for its ‘horrifying’ images. So instead enjoy three very of-their-time videos; A-Ha’s Take On Me, Fatboy Slim’s Weapon of Choice, and whatever this is from Peter Gabriel. Far more horrifying, but BBFC approved.

Selling Out

Large corporations soon realised that if musicians could advertise themselves with great film direction, then so could they. In 1984, Apple produced a hugely expensive advert directed by famed sci-fi auteur Ridley Scott. It was shown only once, but still became the most famous advert of the 1980s. In Britain, one of the most successful advertising campaigns was that of Guinness, their most famous piece being ‘Surfer‘, directed by short film director Jonathan Glazer. Worldwide, Nike’s quadrennial football short films allow them to often outsell Adidas, even though Adidas is the actual sponsor of the World Cup. Here’s their epic from 2010.

New Technology: 1980s – Present

For a while that seemed to be short film’s final destiny; reduced to devices for selling Vanilla Ice LPs and alcopops. But there would be one bright shining light that would bring short films fully back to the public’s attention. That light’s name was Luxo Jr…

The New Animations

Short films have always been used to experiment with. Pixar was a computer graphics company born in 1979, designed to create digital effects for feature films. In 1986 they showed off what they could do by producing the first realistic CGI animation film; ‘Luxo Jr.’ The little desktop lamp and his ball would become icons of the company as it moved forwards. In less than a decade the graphics company had produced ‘Toy Story’, one of the highest grossing animated films of all time

Despite the success, Pixar did not turn their backs on short films. Their continual need to test new technology and new animators meant that they needed to keep making shorts. So for the first time since the 1960s, animated short films began appearing in the theatre, alongside each one of their movies. Pixar also saw a new market in home video. Many of their DVDs would include a brand new short, starring the characters of the full length movies. The short films were a great incentive to buy the movie you’d already seen in the cinema.

When Disney and Pixar merged, Disney Animation Studios began the same process of making short films to place before their features, and Blue Sky and Dreamworks also got in on the act. It wasn’t only the big studios, however; independent film makers also took advantage of the new technology. Whilst making an animation at home was almost impossible with expensive inks and acetate, hobbyists could create high quality animation sitting at their iMacs.

All this means that the modern CGI era boasts as high a rate of classic animated shorts as the days of Chuck Jones and Tex Avery; a hit rate including classics as diverse as ‘Lifted’, ‘Paperman’ and ‘Granny O’Grimm’s Sleeping Beauty’:

The Internet

As every home became connected to the internet, studios and independents saw new ways of releasing their products. With the development of Youtube and other video streaming services, short film makers could make sure their film was seen by anyone, anywhere. In 2009 the success of the Youtube released film ‘Ataque de Panico’ led to its director being contracted to direct the ‘Evil Dead’ film series. Suddenly film directors were liberated, able to share comedy and tragedy. Films of this era include the horribly tragic real life drama ‘Inseperable‘, the very scary Zombie film ‘Cargo(Parental Guidance definitely recommended)  and the vaguely silly ‘The Black Hole’:

Advertisers saw the potential, and rather than making advertisements that looked like films, began just making films. Rather than directly persuade people to buy the product, the point was to associate the brand with good quality. Brands like Bombay Sapphire placed their logos firmly up front- and producing the Bafta Winning short film of 2014 probably didn’t do their gin sales much harm. BMW, however, took a stealth marketing approach- placing their cars in a range of films starring Clive Owen as an unnamed driver, but not drawing attention to themselves in the credits. The Imagination Film Series and The Hire appear in the list at the top of this post.

Major Studios and the Internet

More well established film-makers also looked at the internet as a new way of distributing media. In a tradition led more by writers than the studios themselves, long running television series added greater depth to their universes by releasing ‘webcasts’ or ‘minisodes’. These also drew attention to the franchises as a whole, and worked as a more intelligent form of trailer.

Some were simply made for fun. Whilst all production of scripted American television had to be halted during the writer’s strike of 2008, ‘Buffy the Vampire Slayer’ and ‘Avengers Assemble’ writer Joss Whedon created what he dubbed ‘a micro-budget production‘. Film crew and actors gave their time and brought equipment for no reward, and the film was released for free. Tony-award winning actor Neil Patrick Harris played Dr Horrible, in the 35 minute movie musical ‘Dr Horrible’s Singalong Blog’. Parental Guidance available here.

If anything, Britain’s public service broadcasters were ahead of the fashion. Wallace and Gromit began appearing in their ‘Cracking Contraptions’ long before broadband had reached most homes, which promoted their film, ‘The Curse of the Were Rabbit’.  The BBC began broadcasting animated web episodes of Doctor Who in 2001, and in November 2013 to promote the 50th anniversary of the show they released ‘The Night of the Doctor’, a short film which saw the surprise regeneration of Paul McGann’s Doctor, 17 years after he’d last been seen on the show. Weeks later Steven Moffat followed this up with a mini Sherlock adventure, ‘Many Happy Returns’.

DVD and Home Media

It was DVD, not the internet which brought the ‘minisode’ concept to the live action cinematic world. Jerry Bruckheimer gave us a frankly awful Pirates of the Caribbean short which did not star Johnny Depp, and was made available only in an exclusive 15 disc edition of the franchise. In 2011 Marvel Film studios began producing short films which added to their theatrical productions’ universe, but were exclusive to the special editions of their DVDs. Without the perceived need to cater to different demographics at the box office, the short films could take the odd experiment, and the first five include their long-awaited first female led adventure; ‘Agent Carter’.

The short film has gone through many changes in its 125 years, from early greatness to disposability. But with more ways to make, share and watch short film than ever before, maybe the main feature is still about to begin…